1. Just got my brand new plane and followed all of this along to get it in perfect working condition! Thanks Paul, I just got my first piece of wood square, smooth and straight all by hand today!

  2. Do they make new blades for planes and if so are they universal or manufacturer specific I have a few that look as though someone tried to plane a bord full of nails or are uneven from a grinder mabye

  3. I have a plane the sole says bailey no 4, it has a plastic adjusting wheel, the lever on the top of the frog is missing, the hold down says Stanley, R&L Co Bedrock on it, Is this something someone cobbled together or is it a piece worth restoring?

  4. Paul guru. I just got an antique stanley wood plane. This modell.
    The only thing wrong with the one I got was that the blade was messed up. There was an original angle. And there was an angle the last owner ground.
    If you could advise me what angle to sharpen to. I have a few gigs for sharpening. And can do any angle you recommend.

  5. Thank you for the great video. I was going to buy a plane but my wife said we had one. She said it was her grandfather’s plane. It looks to be in the condition of the plane you restored. I’m going to give it a try in restoring it. Again, thank you for the instructional video. Exactly what I needed.

  6. I wonder, why you did not take the Plane apart and used some chemical to remove the rust. Rust works as its own catalyst, so any left over will make it rust sooner / faster.

  7. Is that a thin blade? I had bought a couple of planes and they have the thin blade, I here they are not as good as the thicker blades.

  8. So THAT`S where the saying comes from. "HAVING A FROG IN MY THROAT" I` ve always wondered.
    Marvelous video, thank you so much for posting.

  9. Oh, I second that previous comment, the investment in a shop full of power tools – no thanks! I love working with my hand tools. They have a place and even watching PS grinding that iron by hand was hard work. Even he said it was hard on an "old" man – funny but I don't see one in this video!! Excellent video and I always enjoy the running commentary while he works. Thank you Paul!

  10. I watched this video once again from start to finish and have to say – looking at the start of the video and what Mr. Sellers ended up with were like night and day. That old plane looks as nice as any of his standard daily users. The tips and tricks of smoothing the edges and rough surfaces is genius and something I have gone back and done on my own planes as well. What a great video this is – saved another beauty from the scrap pile!

  11. What people tend to forget is power tools are great but the faster you work the faster you can fuck-up all your hard work. and The best woodworkers will always finish off their work with hand tools, so power tools just give you the ruff shape quickly. All of which can be done by hand tools just at a slower pace. Master the Hand tools and you master the craft.

  12. I love that trick with using the hammer to flatten the belly. Would something like this work on a chisel, I am struggling with one with a belly?

  13. An absolute pleasure to watch and listen to your video. I think I learnt more about planes in that hour than I have in all my woodworking hours. I have a Stanley plane I bought for £25 from a second hand tool shop. I sharpend the blade and it works well, but now I want to fully restore it. Thank you so much for sharing your 50 years of knowledge.

  14. I just pulled a no.5 Stanley outta forgotten stash, and was so happy to view this gem of knowledge and instruction✨You tha Man Sir!

  15. Thanks so much Paul. You take us from clue challenged to capable and take our tools from crude implements to tuned pieces of equipment.

  16. Thank you for sharing your knowledge. I'm new to this, so without generous people like you, the experience from two life times would not be enough for me to gain what you know.

  17. Paul, is as you were sharpening the iron, you rotated the iron 180 degrees (90 degrees at each diamond stone) from 250 to 1200. This would cause a diamond stone to work both against and with the grain (assuming it's running length wise in the iron) throughout the sharpening. Does this cause any issues in the product of the edge?

  18. Thanks for this. I just inherited my great-grandfather’s bench plane (about 100 yrs old) and this tutorial was very helpful in the restoration.

  19. Brilliant Mr Sellers, just what I need to restore my Stanley plane. The end result here is superb, no harsh machined edges, just perfect.

  20. Thank you for this excellent video. I agree with a previous poster who observed that the frog must be made to sit flat in the plane body. That was not a problem with the plane you restored, and you have made the entire project seem so approachable to a person starting out.

  21. Very seldom do I watch a 1 hour video but this was amazing. I purchased a Stanley 5C today for less than $18 US. It is in really nice shape. I must say those are the best rubber disposable gloves that I have even seen or you changed gloves between takes…lol. Thanks!

  22. Thank you Mr. Sellers. I just restored a Stanley #4 and #5 after watching your video. They were both in about the same shape as the one you just restored. Now they look great and run even better. I love seeing old tools restored to new and usable condition. Most older tools are much better quality than new ones today.

  23. I have picked up a few planes and learned how to set them. I have no expensive plans but old ones. I find restoring them very satisfying. I just watched this video and learned a few tips I haven't done. Thanks for the great video.

  24. Hey Paul – Just love your videos. I read somewhere that you stated that Record planes were never machined very well.
    I am surprised by this as I have quite a collection of vintage Stanley and Record planes and I have to say that the standard of machining on the Records is head and shoulders above that of the Stanleys. The machining on all of the Stanleys frogs and frog beds is like a ploughed field whereas the Records are very fine. I have tuned them to the same standard and they all work very well, but I was always disappointed at the standard of the Stanleys. I have to say that I have no need to spend silly money on the latest high cost planes as both the Records and Stanleys work perfectly well. I find your videos so relaxing and my wife loves your voice. Keep up the great work. Regards Dave – Devon

  25. Sometimes I pause your video just to look at your amazing tool collection on the wall. I'm certain that's only a potion of your collection, but still inspiring.

  26. Paul any thoughts on a wooden plane that need sole put on the bottom of the plane as i guess its been trued so many times that should something added to bottom the rest of plane is in good shape. It is a jointer plane.

  27. Any tips or tricks on how to square off the cutting edge? I have a second Stanley No 4 and 5 and one plane iron is not square. Trying not to buying a new plane iron but I'm stumped on how to square it off. My best guess is a belt sander to square then sharpen with diamond plates…

  28. This plane looks much easier to clean up than on old plane I've stumbled across in my dad's garage. I believe it's a No 3 Shelton plane from the 1930's. It's stamped with "US Patent 1914609" which was filed in 1932 by Cornelius J MacAller and has a bit more complicated screw set mechanism to adjust the blade as opposed to the flip lock mechanism of Stanley planes seen in most restoration videos.

  29. Excellent tutorial. Just bought Record No 4 with all original parts for £10.00. I reckon it's worth every penny after watching this video.

  30. Paul, would you modify your technique for flattening the sole of the plane in any way when dealing with the larger planes such as no.7 or 8's?

  31. A thing of beauty is a joy forever.

    Thank you Paul for your willingness to share.

    I've been laid up in hospital with a gammy leg for the last two weeks and and have been binge watching your videos. I am exceptionally chuffed to find that I've (by and large) been doing things the same way as you do. But what's really nice is to see things I'd puzzled out by myself (with considerable help from "Woodworker" magazine (UK)) confirmed by a real pro.

    As a now (recently) retired Civil Engineer, I look forward to returning to what I really love. Messing about with tools of character and bits of loose wood.

    Old codgers' Valhalla…

  32. This video was so fantastic and I will always think of you as I begin restoring my new collection of Stanley Bailey eBay specials .Thank you so much !

  33. I got a Stanley bailey no 4 and no 6 yesterday. Would have gotten the no 5 as well but they were too pricey for the condition they were in. I also saw a no 3 but it is priced the same as a new bailey no 3.

  34. I found soaking the metal parts in cider vinegar removes nearly all the corrosion, leaving only finishing work.

  35. Firstly awesome video!! Thank you for taking the time to show the entire process.
    Not sure if this is common but I’ve restored a Stanley No 4 as per your instruction. When it came to setting the plane I can only get shavings from the center 1/3 of the steel, nothing on the left of right.
    The sole is flat and the steel is square (sharpened with a Veritas guide to1000 grit). Tried moving the frog tightening down more than I’d like but no joy. Any advice would be very much appreciated 👍🏻

  36. I just brought an old inherited Stanley No.4 back to life – thank you Paul and co. Such a great resource.

  37. I first bought a Stanley Handyman not thinking it wasn't the same as a #4 but It works fairly well. I then got one off EBAY and I'm in the process of restoring it. It's not going as easy as this video shows but I blame that on not having 50 years of practice. I'm wondering why use window cleaner on the diamond plates when water will work equally as well?

  38. Fascinating and I've been spellbound since finding you Paul YouTube needs more guys like yourself, legend! 😊

  39. To see a beginner friendly step by step guide on setting up a plane visit our sister site, Common Woodworking: https://commonwoodworking.com/bench-plane-setup/

    For more information, see https://paulsellers.com or https://woodworkingmasterclasses.com

  40. As a novice woodworker I have been achieving very poor results with a an uneven rough finish and excessive tear-out. I've just followed Paul's steps on a Stanley #5 and the difference is utterly incredible, the plane now glides smoothly, produces a uniform crisp shaving and leaves a silk smooth finish. Working over a previous area of severe tear-out now leaves a perfect finish. I now understand how Paul can achieve such excellent, precise results, so all I need now is about 40 years practice 🙂

  41. Thank you Paul, I was given a Stanley no 4 by a neighbour who found it in a lane, only surface rust so an easy restoration, but no harm in checking out how you tackled the same job and i was impressed by how thorough you were without being fussy, its not a new plane and i dont want it to look like one, but i want it to look cared for.

  42. Thank you sir. Just getting into woodworking and was able to get 4 planes at yard sales. Looking forward to using them.

  43. How important is that rounded bevel on the plane iron cutting edge when sharpening it. It occurs to me that if you only trust yourself to use a honing guide (as I do!) then you won't get a rounded bevel you will get a straight (flat) one. Would that be ok?

  44. Nonsense, the shutter closure mechanism has absolutely no influence on the straightness of the sol. A wedge on a wood planer influences the sole-straightness – yes, but on a Bailey – no

  45. Wonderful presentation! I have three+ generations of many planes from my father, grandfather and family! They where all carpenters, cabinet makers and boat builders. I’m going to get them all in shape!

  46. HI Paul. I'm a lady getting into woodworking. .got rwo no 4 stanleys .was wondering what dye you used in your shellac…loved the colour. Shellac is very expensive here in nz… but would luv to eminate my new woodworking idol.. (you)…

  47. Man I would love to come to an in person class! And Paul.. Remember this, you really do have another 50 years plus of woodworking ahead of you.. Unless YouTube is ever deleted my kids will be able to watch your videos when they get older and get into woodworking well after you and I are both gone!

  48. I bought a pre-owned No 4 Plane about a year ago. It did not need a lot doing to it. The handles were in very good shape and not a lot of rust. I flattened the sole and sharpened the blade and it seemed to work quite well. Today I watched the video again and then went and tuned the plane a little. Adjusted the frog, which was skewed a bit and set the position properly. Also flattened the tip of the chip breaker and set the distance from the chip breaker to the blade correctly according to your teaching. And oh boy, what a difference! Thank you so much.

  49. How beautiful was watching that hour+ Video. Recently, I inherited some of my father-in-law’s woodworking tools. He fathered nine children (!!), four boys…..I encouraged all of them to take those tools rather than have them go in the estate sale or Goodwill. I was so surprised that there were no takers. While derided by many collectors….his bench plane was a Dunlap. I am about halfway through restoring it……and watching this video……at least I didn’t make “too many” mistakes so far. Thank you, Mr. Sellers…..for so readily passing on your experience and skill sets!

  50. I have a record plane that has the the part where the back handle bolt attaches is stripped…. any ideas on how to fix it ?

  51. This has inspired me to do something I've been meaning to do for three years now and start restoring my Grandfathers tools. He was a joiner all his life and I hope I can do him justice by getting his tools back into shape.

  52. Thank you Paul, I have picked up an interest in hand tool wood working and I inherited my fathers #4 Stanley which was in about the same shape as this one and now it looks brand new and works great!

  53. I was a woodworker for many years. As a "student", hobbyist, and professional I have a bit over 50 years experience behind me. Now that I am retired, I have more time to watch videos, and started watching woodworking videos. I quickly discovered that wood working videos were quite few in number compared to the ones devoted to planes. I never knew about this plane fetish!

    I used a plane once to repair a sticking boor on my bedroom. I borrowed a plane to do that, and bought a plane of my own shortly thereafter. Several years later I stumbled upon that plane, which was dusty and rusty by that time, having never been used. I just trashed it. In my years of making furniture and enough cabinetry to fill an average freight train, I never used a plane. Among the other craftsmen I worked with, nobody used one and, as far as I know, nobody owned on.

    Presumably, the plane fetish is of interest to collectors, or to those primarily interested in metal working who enjoy restoring them. To each his own, I suppose. I did have a gentleman show me a couple of old planes he owned which were made of wood; That was a bit over 50 years ago I guess. He wanted to show me the obsolete tools from the past that he had on his shelf. It's good that there are those who like preserving historical artifacts, but I never knew there were so many people who were into old planes.

  54. Thank you so much Paul! Never thought I could be so intrigued. I learned so much watching this Master Class. The love you have for this plane makes it a fine instrument. mary

  55. I like this guys commentary, just enough words and good “ feel “ for the subject. Also like YouTube site “ Grandpa Amu “ – he has virtually no tools and can saw a straight cut better than most machines. I’ll pass comment on the hair dye

  56. Hi Paul I enjoy your work very much. I have a problem. A few of my planes receive water damage and rusted. This was over a period of a few months while I was away. When I came back and saw these planes all rusted I got sick. It looks like I have a winter project ahead of me working on each of these planes to restore them back to New. The unfortunate thing is they were all brand new expensive planes. What do you think of soaking them in vinegar for 24-48 hours to remove rust and then do the Sandpaper thing that you did on your video. Please advise thank you

  57. Hello Paul. I could compliment you and your channel on so many levels. The one thing I will take away from this, apart from how to restore a plane, is the realisation that most craftsmen and women only pass their accumulated knowledge down to relatively few people. You are reaching hundreds of thousands. And that knowledge is of course built upon the shoulders of multiple generations over thousands of years. Literally. And I mean that literally. Thank you so much. Hope you are well and happily tinkering away.

  58. Thanks so much for this. I've just restored my grandads old Marples no. 4 which has lain unused for at least 20years. It's come up pretty well but the cutting iron still needs some work. From knowing nothing about these planes I'm now confident I could keep the old Marples going for another 50 years.

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